Oil and gas exploration in British Columbia BC takes place in the northeast corner of the province Figure 1. Map of unconventional gas plays in northeastern British Columbia.
South: Montney. While conventional exploration and production has been ongoing since the s, unconventional resources in BC have become an increasingly important component of recognized natural gas resource potential. The first efforts at targeted unconventional resource development in the province began in the mids with the use of horizontal drilling in the Adult wants sex Lincoln Nebraska 68512 carbonates of the Jean Marie formation.
Ten years later, a ificant unconventional tight gas resource was successfully identified and developed in the Deep Basin area within Cretaceous sandstones of the Cadomin Formation. This early unconventional activity was followed by Devonian shale gas development in the Horn River Basin and the Triassic-aged siltstones of the Montney formation. Exploration is also ongoing in the Married but lonely milfs unconventional play areas of the Cordova Embayment and the Liard Basin Figure 1.
Today there are two major areas with unconventional shale and tight gas development and production and a ificant third Xxx gilss baby Arizona undergoing early exploratory drilling and assessment. Situated in the northeast corner of the province Figure 1the Horn River Basin is confined to the west by the Bovie Lake Fault Zone and to the east and south by the time equivalent Devonian Carbonate Barrier Complex.
The Horn River Basin has two major producing horizons, the Muskwa-Otter Park and the Evie, which can result in stacked horizontal well development. Located in the more populated region of northeast BC, the Montney Basin is a hybrid tight gas and natural gas liquids play within mid-Triassic, over-pressured siltstones. Within BC, the Montney can reach metres in thickness and may contain up to three or four vertically stacked, horizontally targeted sub-horizons Where to get the whores in Saint-Ferreol-les-Neiges stratigraphically defined upper, middle and lower Montney zones.
The Montney also has a ificant natural gas liquid NGL content and a marketable, technically recoverable NGL resource potential estimated at Local women Wayne Located to the west of the Horn River Basin and straddling both the Yukon and Northwest Territories borders, the Liard Basin is a shale play similar in nature to the Horn River Basin but deeper and with higher reservoir pressure.
Technically recoverable volumes of natural gas British Columbia tight also estimated for the the Exshaw and Patry shales only.
Bythe contribution of unconventionally sourced gas surpassed gas production from conventional reservoirs. Line graph showing conventional, unconventional and total monthly raw gas production in British Columbia from to December The following graph Figure 3 illustrates, over the same time period, the relative rise of Montney unconventional gas production compared to Horny Concord New Hampshire girls other major unconventional plays in northeast BC. Line graph showing unconventional monthly raw gas production of various plays in British Columbia from Severna park MD milf personals December Production in the Montney grew substantially beginning in while production in other plays remained constant.
As of Decembercumulative raw production from the unconventional Montney play surpassed 4. The play currently has over 3,1 00 active gas wells, essentially all of which are post horizontals. Daily production levels are presently at 3.
The growth in targeted Montney drilling over the past few years combined with the decline in conventional gas drilling has resulted in the Montney becoming the single most important unconventional gas producing horizon in Canada. Montney play trend can have very substantial natural gas liquids ethane, propane, butane and condensate pentanes plus content. Focussed development within the wet gas trend has resulted in ificant NGL and condensate produced volumes. The Montney has one ificant black oil pool. The Horn River Basin currently has about active gas wells. Cumulative production to December is Bcf.
As a result of current economic conditions there has not been any ificant new development drilling programs initiated in the past few years. Regulatory oversight for shale and tight resources development is achieved through legislation, regulation and permit British Columbia tight. The Extremely kinky looking for ltr Oil and Gas Commission Commission is the provincial, single-window regulatory agency with responsibilities for overseeing oil and gas operations in BC, including exploration, development, pipeline transportation and reclamation.
The Commission regulates all oil and gas activities under the Oil and Gas Activities Actincluding shale and tight resources development activities.
The Oil and Gas Activities Big women wanting sex in Osceola county Michigan MI is up-to-date legislation enacted in that focuses on effective oversight of oil and gas development while protecting public safety and the environment. These regulations also apply to conventional and unconventional development A key regulatory tool is the FracFocus Chemical Disclosure Registrya public resource for information on hydraulic fracturing and a database containing fracturing ingredients used by companies in the province.
BC was the first province in Canada to onto FracFocus, making disclosure mandatory in Companies must obtain the rights through a monthly competitive sealed bid process prior to being able to apply for exploration or development activities.
The Ministry can dispose of rights by issuing Drilling Licences or Leases. Drilling Licences provide the exclusive right to explore for petroleum and natural gas by drilling wells and have primary terms of three, four or five years depending on location.
Employment, business and economic development
Leases provide the exclusive right to produce petroleum and natural gas and they have primary terms of Discreet Chandler married women or ten years depending on location. Once a company has acquired the PNG subsurface rights it has the ability to apply for exploration, development or production activities through the Commission. The Geophysical Exploration Regulation applies to companies undertaking geophysical activities. Other regulations that apply prior to activity permits being issued include the Fee, Levy and Security Regulation and Consultation and Notification Regulation.
The Commission also uses the Area-Based Analysis approach to determining the impacts of oil and gas activities on the land base. Using this analysis, Commission decision-makers assess the impact of oil and gas activities on ecological, cultural and social values in the context of all other development activities. The production of unconventional gas resources is regulated by the Oil and Gas Activities Act and associated regulations.
Technical regulations surrounding drilling, hydraulic fracturing and production are in the Drilling and Production Regulation ; environmental protection regulations are in the Environmental Protection and Management Regulation ; and emergency requirements are in the Emergency Management Regulation. Regulations and permitting processes were deed to encompass the technologies employed in shale gas development, including hydraulic fracturing and the use of water, and outline how the industry must protect water resources during drilling and production operations.
The Commission manages water approvals and use with specific focus on environmental values and suspends water use when necessary to Beautiful couple searching nsa Fargo North Dakota these values.
Another requirement is the submission of ingredients used in hydraulic fracturing fluids to the FracFocus website. The Commission Ladies wants hot sex Wattsburg an extensive compliance and enforcement program that applies to all aspects of oil and gas activities — from exploration through development, operations and ultimate abandonment and reclamation. The Commission conducts more than 4, inspections each year in addition to a of audits, investigations and other assessments.
Enforcement actions include orders and monetary penalties and are published quarterly in the Reports section of the Commission website. Other resources for regulating unconventional gas activity include the Major Projects Centre and water information website. Beautiful housewives want nsa Idaho will not receive a reply.
For enquiries. Source: Resource estimates: Government of British Columbia Production estimates: National Energy Board may not align with provincial data due to differences in methodology.
Chapman, A. Petrel Robertson Consulting Ltd. C PDF, 5. National Energy Board et al. Report a problem or mistake on this. Please select all that apply: A link, button or video is not working. It has a spelling mistake.
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British columbia’s shale and tight resources
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